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Lesson 43 Over the South Pole 飞越南极 2016年7月27日

已有 1010 次阅读2016-8-1 18:15

Lesson 43  Over the South Pole 飞越南极

授课老师:雲心

课前接待:荆轲

随堂助教:Manny

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课文:

In 1929, three years after his flight over the North Pole, the American explorer, R.E.Byrd, successfully flew over the South Pole for the first time. Though, at first, Byrd and his men were able to take a great many photographs of the mountains that lay below, they soon ran into serious trouble. At one point, it seemed certain that their plane would crash. It could only get over the mountains if it rose to 10,000 feet. Byrd at once ordered his men to throw out two heavy food sacks. The plane was then able to rise and it cleared the mountains by 400 feet. Byrd now knew that he would be able to reach the South Pole which was 300 miles away, for there were no more mountains in sight. The aircraft was able to fly over the endless white plains without difficulty.


参考译文:

1929年,美国探险家R.E.伯德成功飞越北极三年后,第一次成功穿越南极。起初,尽管伯德和他的工作人员拍摄了许多下面山脉的照片,在山顶,他们的飞机似乎要坠毁。如果它上升到10000英尺的高空,才有可能飞越山顶。伯德立刻命令工作人员扔掉两大袋食品,然后飞机能够上升。它飞越山顶上空400英尺。伯德知道他能够到达300英里远的南极。因为在视线内没有更多的山脉,飞机能够毫无困难地飞越无尽的白色平原。


New words and expressions 生词和短语

over v. 跨越

1、pole / pəul; pol/   n.(地球的)极

the North Pole,北极;the South Pole,南极

2、flight / flaɪt; flaɪt/   n.飞行

light  / laɪt; laɪt/

fly  / flaɪ; flaɪ/

3、explorer   [ɪkˈsplɔ:rə(r)] [ɪkˈsplɔrɚ, -ˈsplor-]  n.探险家

explore  /ɪkˈsplɔː(r); ɪkˋsplɔr/  v. 踏勘; 勘探; 探测; 在(一地方, 尤指一国家)探险, 考察

spy  /spaɪ; spaɪ/ n. 间谍

sport  /spɔːt; spɔrt/ n. 运动; 游戏

4、lie /aɪ; laɪ/  v.处于

(lie lay lain)

lie/ laɪ; laɪ/  过去式lay / leɪ; le/  过去分词lain / leɪn; len/

5、serious /ˈsɪərɪəs;ˋsɪrɪəs/  adj.严重的

6、point / pɔɪnt; pɔɪnt/  n.地点

7、seem / siːm; sim/  v.似乎,好像

8、crash / kræʃ; kræʃ/  v.坠毁

9、 ack / sæk; sæk/  n.袋子

10、clear / klɪə(r); klɪr/ v.越过 (=go over)

11、aircraft  /ˈeəkrɑːft; ˋɛrˏkræft/   n.飞机 (plane)

craft  / krɑːft; US kræft; kræft/ n. 行业; (尤指)手工业; 手艺; 工艺

当a后面接f, s, n, th, l时,也就是在[m]、[n]、[ŋ]、[s]、[θ]、[f]前的字母a,英音发[a:],美音发[æ]。

 after / ˈɑːftə(r); US ˈæf-; ˋæftɚ/

ask  / ɑːsk; æsk/ v. 询问

answer   /ˈɑːnsə(r); US ˈænsər; ˋænsɚ/ v. 回答

path  / pɑːθ; US pæθ; pæθ/ n. 小路; 小径

example  / ɪgˈzɑːmpl; US -ˈzæmpl; ɪɡˋzæmpl/ n. 实例; 例证; 例子

12、endless /ˈendlɪs; ˋɛndlɪs/  adj. 无尽的

end / end; ɛnd/ n.  末端; 尽头; 极限

13、plain  / pleɪn; plen/  n.平原


课文讲解:

1、In 1929, three years after his flight over the North Pole, the American explorer, R.E. Byrd, successfully flew over the South Pole for the first time.

在1929年,美国探险家R.E.伯德成功飞越北极三年后,第一次成功穿越南极。

three years after his flight over the North Pole 是同位语,解释1929年是哪一年

after在这里是介词

for the first time 首次

for 第几次

flight n.飞行

机长:From the flight deck, wed like to welcome you aboard! Here at Jetlagged Airlines we have the finest flight attendants to serve you... however, none of them are on our flight today...

deck / dek; dɛk/ n. 甲板

flight deck 机舱,驾驶舱

flight attendant  空中服务人员,空乘人员

①All fights out of Beijing were cancelled. 所有离开北京的航班都被取消了。

②In 1968, the first supersonic airline took flight. 在1968年,第一架超音速飞机起飞了。

supersonic /ˏsuːpəˈsɔnɪkˏsupɚˋsɑnɪk/ adj.  超音速的; 超声速的

③When the alarm sounded, the whole gang took (to) flight. 当警报响起的时候,这一群人就逃跑了。

gang / gæŋ; ɡæŋ/ n. (罪犯有组织的)一帮, 一伙

take flight 起飞;逃走

④Smoking is banned on all domestic flights. 国内航班禁止抽烟。

domestic  / dəˈmestɪk; dəˋmɛstɪk/  adj家庭的; 家务的

domestic flights 国内航班

⑤The number of international flights fell last year. 去年国际航班的数量下降了。

⑥British Airway offers non-stop flights from London to Tehran. 英国航空公司提供从伦敦到德黑兰的直达航班

⑦We only had 20 minutes to make our connecting flight. 我们只有20分钟的时间来连接我们的转机航班

pole / pəul; pol/  n.(地球的)极

the North/South Pole 北[南]极

magnet  /ˈmægnɪt; ˋmæɡnɪt/  n. 磁铁; 磁石

pole  n.磁极; 电极 (positive pole正极;negative pole负极)

pole  n. 杆; 竿; 棒; 杖; 篙  v. 用杆﹑ 篙﹑ 杖等撑(船等)

totem-pole n. 图腾柱

totem  /ˈtəutəm; ˋtotəm/ n. 图腾; 图腾形象

①the distance from pole to equator 从极点到赤道的距离

②a telephone pole 电线杆

explorer n.探险家

Internet Explorer (IE浏览器)

①Magellan was a famous sixteenth-century explorer. 麦哲伦是十六世纪著名的探险家

②The children have gone exploring in the woods. 孩子们在树林里探索

go exploring 去探索

go shopping

go swimming

go camping

③Lets explore this issue/idea more fully. 让我们来探讨这个问题/想法更全面。

explore  /ɪkˈsplɔː(r); ɪkˋsplɔr/  v. 踏勘; 勘探; 探测; 在(一地方, 尤指一国家)探险, 考察

exploration [ˌekspləˈreɪʃn] [ˌɛkspləˈreʃən]  n.探测,勘探,探险;搜索,研究;[医]探查术

exercise /ˈeksəsaɪz; ˋɛksɚˏsaɪz/ n. 练习

excellent  /ˈeksələnt; ˋɛkslənt/ adj. 优秀的; 极好的; 卓越的; 杰出的

example  /ɪgˈzɑːmpl; US -ˈzæmpl; ɪɡˋzæmpl/ n. 实例; 例证; 例子

explain  /ɪkˈspleɪn; ɪkˋsplen/ v. 解释; 讲解; 说明; 阐明

exam  /ɪgˈzæm; ɪɡˋzæm/ n. 考试


make an exploration of sth. 探索什么地方/东西

④Livingstone was the first European to make an exploration of the Zambezi river.

Livingstone使Zambezi河探险的第一个欧洲。

⑤The exploration for new sources of energy is vital for the future of our planet.

新能源的探索对我们这个星球的未来发展是至关重要的。

vital  /ˈvaɪtl; ˋvaɪtl/ adj. 至关重要的,极重要的, 必不可少的

essential  /ɪˈsenʃl; ɪˋsɛnʃəl/ adj. 必要的; 不可缺少; 最重要

significant  /sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt; sɪɡˋnɪfəkənt/ adj. 重要的; 重大的; 可观的

crucial  /ˈkruːʃl; ˋkruʃəl/ adj. 至关重要的; 决定性的

renewable energy 可再生能源

fossil fuel 矿物燃料

 

2、Though, at first, Byrd and his men were able to take a great many photographs of the mountains that lay below, they soon ran into serious trouble.

起初,尽管伯德和他的工作人员拍摄了许多下面山脉的照片, 

a great many photograph,大量照片

a great many +可数名词复数形式

a few +可数名词

a little +不可数名词

 

a great deal of +不可数名词

a great sum of +不可数名词

a large sum of +不可数名词

a lot of +可数/不可数名词

lots of +可数/不可数名词

amounts of +不可数名词

a large quantity of +可数/不可数名词

a large number of +可数名词

a sea of +可数/不可数名词

a mountain of +可数/不可数名词

a pile of +可数/不可数名词

many a/an +可数名词的单数形式

 

take a photo of

take photos of

selfie v.自拍

they soon ran into serious trouble,他们很快陷入了困境。

run into trouble 是“遇到麻烦”的意思。

 

lie / laɪ; laɪ/ (lie lay lain)  v. 位于(地方);处于(处境)

①A cat lay in front of the fire. 一只猫在火堆前。

②The river lies 30km to the south. 这条河位于南30公里。

③The town lay in ruins. 这个城市处于一片废墟状态。

lie /laɪ; laɪ/ (lie lied lied)  v. 撒谎,说谎

Pinocchios nose grew longer because he lied. 因为撒谎,匹诺曹的鼻子变长了。

lie to sb. 对某人撒谎

④I suspect he lies about his age. 我怀疑他的年龄是撒谎了的。

n. 谎言; 假话

tell a lie / tell lies 撒谎

⑤I told a lie when I said I likes her haircut. 我撒谎说我喜欢她的发型。

a white lie 善意的谎言

现在分词:lying

He is lying. 他在撒谎。

 

lay  /leɪ; le/  (lay laid laid)  v. 产卵;放置

The tortoise laid eggs on the beach. 海龟在沙滩上产卵。

Lay the book down on my desk. 把那本书放在我的桌子上。

 

lie vi. 不及物动词

lay vt. 及物动词

 

find (find found found) v. 发现

found (found founded founded) v. 创立,成立

wind (wind wound wound)  v. (使某物)沿弧形的﹑ 弯曲的或旋转的路线前进

wound (wound wounded wounded) v. 伤害

 

serious /ˈsɪərɪəs;ˋsɪrɪəs/  adj.严重的

Donald Trump:Our country is in serious, serious trouble. 美国真的遇上大麻烦了。

①Oil spills pose a serious threat to marine life. 石油泄漏对海洋生物构成严重的威胁。

marine /məˈriːn; məˋrin/ adj. 海的; 近海的; 海中的; 海产的

pose a threat to 对...构成威胁

pose a challenge to 对...构成挑战

②Is she serious about going to live abroad? 她真的要住在国外吗?

③This is a very serious matter. 这是一个非常严肃的问题。

④He wasnt seriously injured - he just got a few cuts and bruises.

他伤得并不严重,他只是有一些伤口和擦伤。

⑤The police have to take any terrorist threat seriously. 警察必须认真对待任何恐怖主义威胁。

take sth./sb. seriously 认真对待,很重视

take themselves seriously 太把自己当回事了

 

3、At one point, it seemed certain that their plane would crash.

在山顶,他们的飞机似乎要坠毁。

point / pɔɪnt; pɔɪnt/  n.地点

at one point 在某一地方/时间点

This is a good point from which to watch the race. (from which we can watch the race)

这是一个观看比赛很好的地方

②It was so confusing that eventually it got to the point where no one knew waht was going on.

最后发展到这样一种境况,在这种境况下,没有人知道发生了什么事情。

③I said Id tell her the bad news, but when it came to the point, I couldnt.

我说过我会告诉她这个坏消息,但是真的要说时,我又开不了口。

when it comes to... 当涉及到

④He won the world heavyweight boxing championship on points.

他以点数赢得了世界重量级拳击冠军。

Join the points A and B together on the diagram with a straight line.

用直线把A和B连接起来。

π=3.14 three point one four 小数点

⑥Id like to discuss the first point in your essay. 我想讨论你的文章的第一点(观点/要点)

⑦Youve got a point there./ I can see your point. 你说的有道理/ 我同意你的观点

⑧He hasnt got much money, but thats not the point. 他钱不够,但这不是重点

⑨I think you missed the point of what she was saying. 我认为你没有听懂她话里的意思

⑩I take your point. 你的意思我懂。

⑪Please get to the point. 请直说吧。(开门见山)

I see little point in discussing this further. 我看继续讨论没有什么意义

pointless  adj. 无意义的; 无目标的

Small children are often told that its rude to point.

小时候常常被告知,用手着别人是不礼貌的行为。

He said that the man had pointed a knife at him. 他说那人用刀对着他。

point sth. at sb. 指着某人

point a finger at someone 用手指着某人

⑮There was on arrow pointing to the door. 有个箭头指向那个门。

point to sth. 指向什么方向

arrow  n.箭; 矢;箭号, 箭头

⑯He was always very keen to point out my mistakes. 他总是非常敏锐地指出我的错误。

point sth. out

keen  adj. 热切的; 热情的; 热心的

 

seem / siːm; sim/  v.似乎,好像 (联系动词

Hes 16, but he often seems (to be) younger. 他16岁,但他看起来更年轻。

②The children seemed (as if/ as though/ like they were) tired. 孩子们看起来很累了。

③Things are seldom as/how/what they seem. 事情并不是看起来的那样。

④I seem to know more about him than anyone else.  我似乎比任何人更了解他。

⑤They seem to be taking a long time to decide. 他们似乎要花很长时间来决定。

They seem to have taken a long time to decide. 他们似乎已经花了很长时间去决定。

Manny seems to have been taken. Manny好像已经被带走了。

It seems (that) she cant come. 她好像不能来了。

It seems to me (that) he isnt the right person for the job.

在我看来,他不是这个工作的合适人选。

There seems to have been a mistake - my name isnt on the list.

好像有一个错误-我的名字不在名单上。

There be 结构 (存在结构)

There is a mistake. 这里出了错。

There was a mistake. 过去这里出了错。

There has been a mistake. 已经出了错。

There seems to have been a mistake. 这里好像出了错。

There seems to be a mistake. 这里好像出了错。

Theres no reply - theyve all gone home. So it seems. 

“没有人回答,他们应该都回家了。”“看来如此。”

Was a decision made? It seems not/so. “是一个决定?“似乎不是/是这样。”

seemingly  adv. 貌似;看来似乎;表面上看来

it seemed certain,看起来肯定。


crash / kræʃ; kræʃ/  v.坠毁

The plane crashed into a mountainside. 飞机撞上一个山腰。

mountainside n. 山腰,山坡

We could here waves crashing on/against the shore.

我们在这里可以听到海浪拍打着海岸的声音。

③My laptop crashed again. 我的笔记本电脑崩溃了。

④Investors were seriously worried when the stock market bagan to crash.

当股票市场开始崩盘投资者非常担心。

I heard a loud crash in the kitchen. 我听到厨房里盘子摔碎的声音

⑥They were only slightly injured in the car crash. 他们只是稍微在车祸中受了伤。

⑦They lost a lot of money in the Stock Market crash. 他们在股市崩盘中损失了很多钱。

 

 

4、It could only get over the mountains if it rose to 10,000 feet.

只有它上升到10000英尺的高空,才有可能飞越山顶。

get over the mountains,越过山头。

clear = get over

I am not doing this for myself. = I didnt do it for myself.

 

5、Byrd at once ordered his men to throw out two heavy food sacks.

伯德立刻命令工作人员扔掉两大袋食品,然后飞机能够上升。 

sack / sæk; sæk/  n.袋子

a sack of potatoes 一袋土豆

a sack of rice 一袋米

The corn was stored in large sacks. 这些玉米是存储在大麻袋里。

②Its 11 oclock - time to hit the sack. 晚上十一点了,该睡觉了。(hit the sack=hit the hay)

③They sacked her for being late. 他们解雇了她,因为她迟到了。

④He got sacked from his last job. 他上一份工作是被了。

 

6、The plane was then able to rise and it cleared the mountains by 400 feet.

它飞越山顶上空400英尺

it cleared the mountains by 400 feet,飞机在离山头400英尺的高度飞越了过去。

by表示“相差”程度的意思。

increase by 10% 增加了10%

increase to 10% 增长到10%

clear / klɪə(r); klɪr/ v.越过 (=go over)

The horse cleared the fence with inches to spare. 那匹马跳过篱笆仅仅几英寸。

②I need to get some fresh air to clear my head. 我需要一些新鲜空气来整理我的脑子。

③It took several hours to clear the road after the accident.

事故发生之后,花了好几个钟头清理道路。

④The fog is expected to have cleared (away) by midday. 雾预计在中午时已经散去

clear instructions/directions 明确的指示

He isnt at all clear about what he wants to do with his wife.

 他不清楚他想和他的妻子做什么。

⑦Youve made your position quite clear. 你让你的立场很明确

⑧This is the first time in his life that hes been clear of debt. 他有生以来第一次还清债务。

⑨The journey was a quite quick because the road was clear.

这个旅行过得有点快,因为道路畅通无阻

⑩The water in the lake is so clear that you can see the bottom.

湖水里的水是如此清澈,你可以看到底部。 

 

7、Byrd now knew that he would be able to reach the South Pole which was 300 miles away, for there were no more mountains in sight.

伯德知道他能够到达300英里远的南极,因为在视线内没有更多的山脉

for 因为

这里的for不能用because替换

for指一种判断,because 指因果关系

Manny must have been taken away, for shes silent. 因为Manny被带走,所以她没有说话。

Lets move on, for weve still got a lot to talk about. 让我们继续,因为我们还有很多需要讨论。

in sight 视线范围之内

out of sight视线范围之外

Dont let her out of your sight. 看紧她,不要让她离开你的视线范围之内。

short-sighted 短视的

near-sighted 近视的

far-sighted 远视的

at the sight of 看到...

fall in love at first sight 一见钟情

 

8、The aircraft was able to fly over the endless white plains without difficulty.

飞机能够毫无困难地飞越无尽的白色平原。

with difficulty 有困难

have difficulty doing sth.

aircraft (单复数同型) /ˈeəkrɑːft; ˋɛrˏkræft/   n.飞机 (plane)

①military/commercial aircraft 军事/商用飞机

aircraft carrier 航空母舰

③They came under attack from enemy aircraft. 他们遭到敌人飞机的攻击。

under + n.

under consideration 在考虑中

under suspicion 被怀疑中

under construction 在建设中

under arrest 被逮捕中

under control 在控制下

under discussion 在讨论中

under repairs 在维修中

④The aircraft had 48 passengers on board. 飞机上有48名乘客。

 

endless /ˈendlɪs; ˋɛndlɪs/  adj. 无尽的

The possibilities are endless. 无限可能。

We used to have endless arguments about politics.  我们过去常常无休止地争论政治。

endless paperwork 没完没了的文案工作

I find myself endlessly repeating the same phrases.  我发现自己无休止地重复相同的短语。

end

The match ended in a draw. 比赛平局结束

His attempt to persuade the boy ended in failure. 他试图劝说男孩失败告终

He ended up spending the night in the airport. 他最终在机场过夜。

The festival ended with fireworks. 节日以焰火结束了。

Youre going on vacation at the end of this month, arent you? 你这个月要去度假,是吗?

weekend 周末 the end of the week

街道的尽头 the end of the road

dead end 死胡同

The work should be completed by the end of the year. 这项工作应该在今年年底完成。 到...为止

In the end, we decided not to buy it. 最后,我们决定不买它。

in the end = finally = eventually = at last

He talks for hours on end about absolutely nothing.

他滔滔不绝地谈论了几个小时,结果是废话连篇。(on end 连续不断地)

It was only at the very end of the 19th century that this practice was abolished.

在第十九世纪结束时,这种做法被废除了。

the very end 最最后

Astrologers have been predicting the end of the world ever since the Middle Ages.

从中世纪以来,占星师一直在预测世界末日

The party was at an end and it was time to leave. 晚会接近尾声了,是时候离开了。

We want to put an end to discrimination. 我们要杜绝歧视。

A final battle brought the war to an end. 最后一场战斗结束了这场战争。

 

can & be able to

4组中的can和be able to可换用

He will come if he can.

He will come if he is able to.

 

I can see you tomorrow.

Ill be able to see you tomorrow.  

 

I couldnt understand him.  

I wasnt able to understand him.  

 

He said he could see me next week.  

He said he would be able to see me next week.  

 

当我们要表明一个动作已经成功地完成的时候,我们必须用was able to,在以下句子中不能用could:

He was able to go to London yesterday and he enjoyed himself very much.

昨天他终于能去伦敦,他很开心。

He didnt agree with me at first but I was able to persuade him.

他起初不同意我,但我能说服他。

He was able to leave Europe before the war began.

他在战争开始前就离开了欧洲。

 

Though, at first, Byrd and his men were able to take a great many photographs of the mountains that lay below, they soon ran into serious trouble. At one point, it seemed certain that their plane would crash. It could only get over the mountains if it rose to 10,000 feet. Byrd at once ordered his men to throw out two heavy food sacks. The plane then was able to rise and it cleared the mountains by 400 feet. Byrd now knew that he would be able to/could reach the South Pole which was 300 miles away, for there were no more mountains in sight. The aircraft was able to/could fly over the endless white plains without difficulty.

 

Phrases with At

At first, Byrd and his men were able to take a great many photographs.

at first = at the beginning

②Byrd at once ordered his men to throw out two heavy food sacks.

at once = immediately

③Billy is not at home at present. Hes at school.

at home = in the house   at present = now = at the moment

④After walking for several hours, we arrived at the village at last.

at last = finally = in the end

⑤Its a pity you cant come to the concert. At any rate youll be able to hear it on the radio.

at any rate = anyway

⑥I know hes often rude to people, but hes a very pleasant person at heart.

at heart = by nature

⑦I didnt know you wouldnt be coming. At least you could have telephoned me.

at least 至少  at most 最多

⑧He behaves very strangely at times.

at times = sometimes = occassionally

⑨I dont know what I can do about it. Im completely at a loss.

at a loss = confused = lost

 

1、We found our way home in the end/at last.

2、He stayed in the house/at home all day yesterday.

3、You must write to him immediately/at once.

4、He cannot see you now/at present as he is busy.

5、He annoys me sometimes/at times.

6、When I saw that the house was on fire I didnt know what to do/was at a loss.

7、When it began/At first I thought it would be a good film but I was wrong. 


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