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Lesson16 A polite request 彬彬有礼的要求 2016年11月15日

热度 1已有 812 次阅读2016-11-27 12:04

Lesson16 A polite request 彬彬有礼的要求
授课老师:陆雨伐
课前接待:布丁
随堂助教:Oh
课文链接:http://www.bigear.cn/res-1393-7777700044610.html
英音链接:http://www.bigear.cn/res-2528-7777700147967.html
美音链接:http://www.bigear.cn/res-1393-7777700044610.html
新二以往笔记链接:http://bbs.bigear.cn/space-uid-3256188.html
新二课堂录音链接:http://bbs.bigear.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=410083&extra=page%3D1%26filter%3Dtypeid%26typeid%3D41

课文:

If you park your car in the wrong place, a traffic policeman will soon find it. You will be very lucky if he lets you go without a ticket. However, this does not always happen. Traffic police are sometimes very polite. During a holiday in Sweden, I found this note on my car: 'sir, we welcome you to our city. This is a "No Parking" area. You will enjoy your stay here if you pay attention to our street signs. This note is only a reminder.' If you receive a request like this, you cannot fail to obey it!


参考译文:

一旦你把汽车停错了地方,交通警很快就会发现。如果他没给你罚单就放你走了,算你走运。然而,情况并不都是这样,交通警有时也很客气。有一次在瑞典度假,我发现我的车上有这样一个字条:“先生,欢迎您光临我们的城市。此处是‘禁止停车’区。如果您对我们街上的标牌稍加注意,您在此会过得很愉快的。谨此提请注意。”如果你收到这样的恳求,你是不会不遵照执行的!


New words and expressions 生词和短语

park v. 停放(汽车)

traffic n. 交通

ticket) n. 交通违规罚款单

note n. 便条

area n. 地段

sign n. 指示牌

reminder n. 提示

fail v. 无视,忘记

obey v. 服从


条件句可分为两类,一类为真实条件句,一类为非真实条件句。非真实条件句表示的是假设或实际可能性不大的情况,故采用虚拟语气。
  英语:
  If he doesn't hurry up,he will miss the bus.如果他不快点,他将错过巴士。( 真实)
  If he is free,he will ask me to tell stories.如果他是空闲的,他会要求我讲故事。(真实)
  If I were you,I would go at once.如果我是你,我马上就会去。(我不可能是你。非真实,虚拟语气)
  If there were no air,people would die.如果没有空气,人就会死亡。(不可能没有空气。非真实,虚拟语气)

折叠用法及动词形式
  一、表示与现在事实相反的情况:
  从句:If 主语+过去时(Be动词用were)
  主句:主语+should/would/could/might+do
  eg: 
  1.If I were you,I would take an umbrella.
  如果我是你,我会带把伞。(事实:我不可能是你)
  2.If I knew his telephone number,I would tell you.
  如果我知道他的电话号码,我就会告诉你。(事实:不知道)
  3.If there were no air or water,there would be no living things on the earth.
  如果没有水和空气,地球上就不会有生物。(事实:地球上既有空气也有水)
  4.If I had any money with me,I could lend you some.
  如果我带钱了,我就会借给你些。(事实:没有带钱)
  5.If he studied harder,he might pass the exam.
  如果他再努力些,就能通过考试了。(事实:没有努力)
  (注意:一般在虚拟的条件句中无论是第几人称,用到系动词的过去式时,只用were而不用was)
  二、表示与过去事实相反的情况
  从句:If 主语+had+done
  主句:主语+should/would/could/might+have done
  eg:
  1. If I had got there earlier,I should/could have met her. 如果我早到那儿,我就会见到她。
  (事实:去晚了)
  2.If he had taken my advice,he would not have made such a mistake. 如果他听我的劝告的话,就不会犯这样的错误了。
  (事实:没有听我的话)
  3.she looked at me as if I had been a stranger.
  她看我的样子好像我是一个陌生人。(事实:我并非陌生人) 
  三、表示对将来情况的主观推测  
   主句:主语+would+do 
   从句:①if+主语+were to do
   ②if+主语+should/would/could/might+do
   ③if+主语+did(动词过去式)/were
  eg:
  1.If he should come here tomorrow,I would talk to him.
  如果他明天来这儿的话,我就跟他谈谈。(事实:来的可能性很小)
  2.If there were a heavy snow next Sunday,we would not go skating.
  如果下周日下大雪,我们就不能去滑冰了。(事实:下雪可能性很小)
  3.If she were to be here next Monday,I would tell her about the matter.
  如果她下周一来这儿的话,我就会告诉她这件事的始末。(事实:来的可能性很小)
  四、 有时,虚拟条件句中,如果主句和条件从句的谓语动作若不是同时发生时,虚拟语气的形式应作出相应的调整。这种条件句叫错综条件句。
   ①从句的动作与过去事实相反,而主句的动作与现在或现在正在发生的事实不符。
  eg:
  If I had worked hard at school,I would be an engineer,too.
  如果我在学校学习刻苦的话,我现在也会成为一个工程师了
  If they had informed us,we would not come here now.
  如果他们通知过我们的话,我们现在就不会来这里了。
   ②从句的动作与现在事实相反,而主句的动作与过去事实不符。
  如:
  If he were free today,we would have sent him to Beijing.
  如果他今天有空的话,我们会已经派他去北京了。
  If he knew her,he would have greeted her.
  要是他认识她的话,他肯定会去问候她了。
  五、 当虚拟条件句的谓语动词含有were,should,had时,if可以省略,这时条件从句要用倒装语序,即把were,should,had等词置于句首,这种多用于书面语。eg:
  Should he agree to go there,we would send him there.
  要是他答应去的话,我们就派他去。
  Were she here,she would agree with us.
  如果她在这儿的话,她会同意我们的。
  Had he learnt about computers,we would have hired him to work here.
  如果他懂一些电脑知识的话,我们已经聘用他来这里工作了。
  六、非真实条件句中的条件从句有时不表达出来,只暗含在副词、介词短语、上下文或其他方式表示出来,这种句子叫做含蓄条件句,在多数情况下,条件会暗含在短语中,如without…,but for…等  
  eg:
  But for his help,we would be working now.
  要不是他的帮助,我们还会在工作呢。
  Without your instruction,I would not have made such great progress.
  要是没有你的指导,我不会取得如此大的进步。
  We didn't know his telephone number,otherwise,we would have telephoned him.
  我们不知道他的电话号码,否则我们就会给他打电话。
  七、 有时,虚拟条件句中,主、从句可以省略其中的一个,来表示说话人的一种强烈的感情。
  ①省略从句
  He would have finished it. 他本该完成了。
  You could have passed this exam. 你本能通过这次考试的。
  ②省略主句
  If I were at home now. 要是我现在在家里该多好啊。
  If only I had got it. 要是只有我得到它了该多好啊。
  八.注意,在虚拟语气的从句中,动词be的过去时态一律用were,不用was。
  eg:If I were you,I would go to look for him.
  如果我是你,就会去找他。


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